New heating market model round table was chaired by Natalia Porokhova, Head of research and forecasting of the Analytical Credit Rating Agency.
She noted that providing heat in homes is an important part of comfortable in Russia: “In winter, we are used to high indoor temperatures and low outside. This is really a very important part of our comfort, and heating market is a very large consumer market Russia.
In 2009-2010, a number of federal laws were passed that obliged the administrations of cities with a population of more than 500 thousand people to develop and approve the ‘Plan for development of the city's heat supply for the long-term period’. According to General Manager of the Russian Heat Supply Company Vasily Polivanov, today regional officials understand what reserves and potential they have, and what companies are working in the heat market.
“The development of heat supply schemes in Russia has taught the regions to assess the quality of service and make forecasts,” he said.
One of the main topics of discussion of brainstorming was the issue of tariff formation in the regions. In 2017, the State Duma passed a law on an "alternative boiler room", which changes the tariff regulation system in the heat supply sector. In Russia, there are price zones, within which the unified heat supply organizations (HSO) will be responsible for heat supply. HSOs are required to build, reconstruct and modernize heat supply facilities, and also be responsible for the quality of services and allowable interruptions in providing thermal energy.
Central heating prices will be determined not by the "costs plus" method (annually formed by regional regulators on the basis of expenses declared by the company), but on the principle of "alternative boiler house".
It is assumed that the new model of the heat market will make the cost of heat energy more predictable and solve the problem of high depreciation of the infrastructure by attracting investors to the industry. The first city with an "alternative boiler" will be Rubtsovsk of the Altai Territory - the Siberian Generating Company will invest 2 billion rubles in two years into this project.
As the director of tariff formation of Siberian Generating Company Ekaterina Kosogova reported, several factors are hindering the process today. One of the main difficulties is that the municipal authorities misunderstand the importance of a systematic approach to the development of heat supply and do not allocate the necessary funding.
“In our opinion, the country's heat and power industry, federal authorities and local authorities should understand whether it is necessary to invest in heat supply or not. We are putting huge investments into the heat supply schemes but still do not see the results,” she said.
Chairman of the Regional Energy Commission Aleksander Ananiev spoke about the experience of the region in the implementation of federal projects. He stressed that over the past few years, heating seasons have passed without failures and unpleasant surprises. The industry needed a push and reform and got in with the approval of the law "On Heat Supply."
According to Ananyev, HSOs will allow to manage technological and technical processes, and determine what investments are needed to replace the sources with more efficient ones, in order to construct new networks. “Existing technologies exclude the possibility of investing, it is almost impossible to implement long-term projects,” he added.
Anatoly Matyushenko, Advisor to the governor, shared his opinion on the topics discussed in the brainstorm: “Our region is a truly unique territory stretching over three climatic zones. That’s why each city requires its own approach to heat supply. At the same time, the regional government has been doing a lot to improve the quality of heat supply.”
Speaking about Krasnoyarsk experience, he noted that the authorities and resource-supplying organizations found mutual approaches to the heat supply scheme: “The scheme approved meets all the economic and environmental standards.”